behavioranalysishistory / JEAB - 1961
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JEAB - 1961

1961 – Volume 4 (1)

 

Application of Experimental Principles

 

Rapid development of multiple-schedule performances with retarded children

Sidney W. Bijou and Robert Orlando

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 7–16. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-7.

PMCID: PMC1403984

 

Avoidance / Punishment

 

Avoidance learning in dogs without a warning stimulus

A. H. Black and Patricia Morse

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 17–23. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-17.

PMCID: PMC1403992

 

Punishment of SΔ responding in matching to sample by time out from positive reinforcement

C. B. Ferster and J. B. Appel

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 45–56. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-45.

PMCID: PMC1403982

 

Behavioral Contrast

 

Behavioral contrast

George S. Reynolds

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 57–71. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-57.

PMCID: PMC1403981

 

Conditioned Reinforcement

 

Schedules of conditioned reinforcement during experimental extinction

Roger T. Kelleher

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 1–5. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-1.

PMCID: PMC1403986

 

 

Equipment Design

 

An automatic device for dispensing food kept in a liquid medium

Jerry Hogan and Paul Rozin

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 81–83. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-81.

PMCID: PMC1403985

 

A high-power noise amplifier with an electronic keying system

J. J. Barry, Jr. and J. Degelman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 85–86. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-85.

PMCID: PMC1403989

 

 

Generalization

 

The shape of some wavelength generalization gradients

Donald S. Blough

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 31–40. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-31.

PMCID: PMC1403988

 

 

Match to Sample

 

Punishment of SΔ responding in matching to sample by time out from positive reinforcement

C. B. Ferster and J. B. Appel

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 45–56. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-45.

PMCID: PMC1403982

 

 

Schedule

 

Characteristics of responding under a temporally defined reinforcement schedule of long cycle length

W. W. Cumming and W. N. Schoenfeld

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 73–80. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-73.

PMCID: PMC1403990

 

Verbal Behavior

 

The control of the content of conversation through reinforcement

N. H. Azrin, W. Holz, R. Ulrich, and I. Goldiamond

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 25–30. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-25.

PMCID: PMC1403987

 

Other

 

Amplitude-induction gradient of a small human operant in an escape-avoidance situation

Ralph F. Hefferline and Brian Keenan

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 January; 4(1): 41–43. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-41.

PMCID: PMC1403978

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Volume 4 (2)

 

Equipment Design

 

Electric drinkometer and recorder

John D. Davis

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 145–147. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-145.

PMCID: PMC1404045

 

Avoidance/ Punishment

 

Stimulus generalization in an avoidance situation

Murray Sidman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 157–169. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-157.

PMCID: PMC1404044

 

Dimensions of Behavior

 

Some temporal and sequential properties of behavior during conditioning and extinction

J. R. Millenson and H. M. B. Hurwitz

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 97–106. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-97.

PMCID: PMC1404041

 

Extinction

 

Resistance-to-extinction functions in the single organism

Eliot Hearst

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 133–144. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-133.

PMCID: PMC1404040

 

Generalization

 

Stimulus generalization in an avoidance situation

Murray Sidman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 157–169. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-157.

PMCID: PMC1404044

 

 

Schedule

 

Conditioning of mental-hospital patients to fixed-ratio schedules of reinforcement

R. R. Hutchinson and N. H. Azrin

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 87–95. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-87.

PMCID: PMC1404052

 

An analysis of interactions in a multiple schedule

George S. Reynolds

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 107–117. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-107.

PMCID: PMC1404048

 

Relativity of response rate and reinforcement frequency in a multiple schedule

George S. Reynolds

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 179–184. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-179.

PMCID: PMC1404046

 

Operant Control

 

Operant control of vocalizing in the chicken

Harlan Lane

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 171–177. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-171.

PMCID: PMC1404039

 

Procedures

 

A technique for measuring the latency of a discriminative operant

William C. Stebbins and Robert N. Lanson

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 149–155. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-149.

PMCID: PMC1404050

 

Reinforcement

 

Visual exploration as reinforcement of conditioned bar-pressing responses of monkeys

Louis E. Moon

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 119–123. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-119.

PMCID: PMC1404049

 

Amount of reinforcement and free-operant responding

Richard E. Keesey and J. W. Kling

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 April; 4(2): 125–132. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-125.

PMCID: PMC1404051

 

 

 

 

1961 – Volume 4 (3)

 

Attending / Attention

 

Attention in the pigeon

George S. Reynolds

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 203–208. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-203.

PMCID: PMC1404062

 

Avoidance / Punishment

 

Some observations concerning prepotency, and probability of postponing shock with a two-lever avoidance procedure,

Thom Verhave

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 187–192. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-187.

PMCID: PMC1404069

Discriminative properties of punishment

William C. Holz and Nathan H. Azrin

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 225–232. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-225.

PMCID: PMC1404077

Some behavioral effects of a concurrently positive and negative stimulus

Eliot Hearst and Murray Sidman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 251–256. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-251.

PMCID: PMC1404056

Free-operant avoidance conditioning in human subjects

Robert Ader and Ronald Tatum

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 275–276. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-275.

PMCID: PMC1404070

Some effects of varying the duration of an exteroceptive warning stimulus on intercurrent avoidance and appetitive responses

Michael F. Halasz

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 287–288. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-287.

PMCID: PMC1404061

Avoidance conditioning in the chimpanzee

Fogle C. Clark

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 393–395. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-393.

PMCID: PMC1404153

 

 

Behavioral Pharmacology

 

The use of a behavioral stimulant in the study of stimulus generalization

H. M. Hanson and N. Guttman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 209–212. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-209.

PMCID: PMC1404058

 

 

Choice

 

Behavioral interaction under concurrent spaced-responding, variable-interval schedules of reinforcement

Evalyn F. Segal

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 263–266. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-263.

PMCID: PMC1404067

 

 

Dimensions of Behavior

 

Influence of reinforcement on response duration

J. R. Millenson, H. M. B. Hurwitz, and W. L. B. Nixon

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 243–250. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-243.

PMCID: PMC1404078

 

 

Equipment Design

 

A variable probability coincidence pulse gate

R. J. Harley

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 185–186. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-185.

PMCID: PMC1404059

 

Separation of two-channel recordings for vocal behavior studies

John A. Starkweather and Donald G. Langsley

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 193–195. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-193.

PMCID: PMC1404055

 

Simple transducers to detect or record operant amplitude

Ralph F. Hefferline, Jeremy D. Birch, and Thomas Gentry

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 257–261. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-257.

PMCID: PMC1404072

 

A wide-range, constant-current shock stimulator

James A. Dinsmoor

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 273–274. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-273.

PMCID: PMC1404071

 

A scanning principle for auto-instructional devices

John A. Barlow, John Gilpin, Donald D. Hedberg, and Alex Palmer

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 360. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-360.

PMCID: PMC1404073

 

An operant-discrimination apparatus for infants

Mae Williamson Simmons and Lewis P. Lipsitt

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 233–235. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-233.

PMCID: PMC1404154

 

 

Generalization

 

Generalization of auditory intensity as a function of amount of discrimination training

J. Gilmour Sherman and Rosemary Pierrel

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 237–241. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-237.

PMCID: PMC1404064

 

 

Procedures & Techniques

 

Techniques of housing and maintaining a large pigeon colony

Donald H. Bullock, William A. Roberts, and M. E. Bitterman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 285–286. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-285.

PMCID: PMC1404080

 

 

Matching Law

 

Relative and absolute strength of response as a function of frequency of reinforcement,

R. J. Herrnstein

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 267–272. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-267.

PMCID: PMC1404074

 

 

Match to Sample

 

Some data on matching behavior in the pigeon

William W. Cumming and Robert Berryman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 281–284. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-281.

PMCID: PMC1404065

 

 

Schedule

 

Spaced responding in rats as a function of some temporal variables

Joseph Zimmerman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 219–224. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-219.

PMCID: PMC1404060

 

Discrete-trials DRL

Frank A. Logan

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 277–279. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-277.

PMCID: PMC1404079

 

Neuroscience

 

Septal stimulation as a reinforcer of and an alternative to consumatory behavior

John L. Falk

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 213–217. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-213.

PMCID: PMC1404068

 

Verbal Behavior

 

A method for the analysis and control of speech rate

Donald Shearn, Robert Sprague, and Sanford Rosenzweig

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 July; 4(3): 197–201. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-197.

PMCID: PMC1404075

 

 

 

 

1961 – Volume 4 (4)

 

Avoidance / Punishment

 

Discriminated bar-press avoidance

Howard S. Hoffman, Morton Fleshler, and Harold Chorny

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 309–316. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-309.

PMCID: PMC1404156

 

Punishment during fixed-interval reinforcement

N. H. Azrin and W. C. Holz

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 343–347. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-343.

PMCID: PMC1404146

 

Stimulus factors in aversive controls: The generalization of conditioned suppression

Howard S. Hoffman and Morton Fleshler

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 371–378. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-371.

PMCID: PMC1404132

 

Behavioral Contrast

 

Behavioral contrast in a multiple and concurrent schedule of reinforcement

A. Charles Catania

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 335–342. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-335.

PMCID: PMC1404155

 

Behavioral contrast with fixed-interval and low-rate reinforcement

George S. Reynolds and A. Charles Catania

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 387–391. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-387.

PMCID: PMC1404135

 

Behavioral Pharmacology

 

Timing behavior during prolonged treatment with dl-amphetamine

C. R. Schuster and J. Zimmerman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 327–330. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-327.

PMCID: PMC1404158

 

Effects of chronically administered chlorpromazine in multiple-schedule performance

Marcus B. Waller

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 351–359. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-351.

PMCID: PMC1404151

 

Collateral Behavior

 

Collateral behavior in humans

Alfred Bruner and Samuel H. Revusky

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 349–350. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-349.

PMCID: PMC1404138

 

Education

 

The influence of repetition of incorrectly answered items in a teaching-machine program,

James G. Holland and Douglas Porter

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 305–307. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-305.

PMCID: PMC1404136

 

Equipment Design

 

A simple noise source

John A. Starkweather

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 298. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-298.

PMCID: PMC1404142

 

A simple shock circuit for rats

John A. Barlow

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 308. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-308.

PMCID: PMC1404148

 

A coupled tape programmer and buffer box

Michael Kaplan and John M. Martin

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 322. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-322.

PMCID: PMC1404133

 

A liquid dispenser for primates

Marvin E. Grunzke

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 326. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-326.

PMCID: PMC1404152

 

A bidirectional cumulative recorder

H. M. B. Hurwitz

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 331–332. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-331.

PMCID: PMC1404143

 

An automatic feeder for laboratory dogs

Michael Kaplan, David G. Wulp, and C. Edward Lipinski, Jr.

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 333–334. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-333.

PMCID: PMC1404140

 

A scanning principle for auto-instructional devices

John A. Barlow, John Gilpin, Donald D. Hedberg, and Alex Palmer

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 360. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-360.

PMCID: PMC1404154

 

Simple devices for liquid reward delivery

V. J. Polidora and Patricia M. Meyer

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 382. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-382.

PMCID: PMC1404139

 

 

Extinction

 

Extinction of bar pressing following training under a multiple VI VI schedule

Frances L. Clayton and Joan G. Stevenson

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 295–297. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-295.

PMCID: PMC1404130

 

 

Generalization

 

Contrast, generalization, and the process of discrimination

George S. Reynolds

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 289–294. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-289.

PMCID: PMC1404141

Stimulus factors in aversive controls: The generalization of conditioned suppression

Howard S. Hoffman and Morton Fleshler

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 371–378. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-371.

PMCID: PMC1404132

 

 

Operant Control

 

The differentiation of human time estimations

Julian I. Taber, Lloyd E. Homme, and Attila P. Csanyi

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 299–304. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-299.

PMCID: PMC1404145

 

 

Procedures and Techniques

 

The development of an instrumental skill sequence in the chimpanzee

Frederick H. Rohles, Jr.

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 323–325. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-323.

PMCID: PMC1404137

 

 

Respondent Conditioning

 

Salivary conditioning in dogs during fixed-interval reinforcement contingent upon lever pressing,

Martin M. Shapiro

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 361–364. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-361.

PMCID: PMC1404159

 

 

Schedule

 

Extinction of bar pressing following training under a multiple VI VI schedule

Frances L. Clayton and Joan G. Stevenson

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 295–297. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-295.

PMCID: PMC1404130

 

Impairment of performance when a discriminative stimulus is correlated with a reinforcement contingency

Albert Weissman

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 365–369. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-365.

PMCID: PMC1404134

 

The interacting effects of deprivation and reinforcement schedule

Peter L. Carlton

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 379–381. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-379.

PMCID: PMC1404129

 

Rate-change effects during a pre-schedule—change stimulus

Stanley Pliskoff

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 383–386. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-383.

PMCID: PMC1404144

 

 

Units of analysis

 

Response duration in operant level, regular reinforcement, and extinction

Stuart Margulies

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 317–321. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-317.

PMCID: PMC1404150

 

 

Other

 

Commercial liquid diet for animals in behavioral studies

Theodore Ellison and William C. Riddle

J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 October; 4(4): 370. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1961.4-370.

PMCID: PMC1404160

 

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